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Infection Control

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Need for an infection control programme

The responsible health authority should develop a national (or regional) programme to support hospitals in reducing the role of health care associated or nosocomial infections.

What is an infection control programme?

The important components of the infection control programme are:-

  • Basic measures for infection control , ie standard and additional precautions
  • Education and training of health care workers
  • Protection of health care workers, e.g. immunization
  • Identification of hazards and minimizing risks.
  • Routine practices essential to infection control  such as aseptic techniques, use of single use deices, reprocessing of instruments of blood/body fluid exposure, handling and use of blood and blood products, sound management of medical waste.
  • Effective work practices and procedures such as environment management practices including management of hospital /clinical waste, support services (food,Linen)use of therapeutic devices
  • Surveillance
  • Incident monitoring
  • Investigation
  • Infection control is septic situations and research.
  • Research

In addition to implementing basic measures for infection control, health care facilities   should  Prioritize their infection control needs and design their programmes accordingly.

Education and training of healthcare staff Health administrators  should be oriented to infection control programme .health care workers should be  equipped with requisite knowledge ,skill and  attitudes for good infection control  practices.

The infection control team should

  • Assers during needs of the staff and provide required training through awreness programmers,in service education and on-the –job training.
  • Organic regular training programmes for the staff for essential infection control practices that are appropriate to their job description.
  • Provide periodic re-training or orientation of staff: and review the impact of training.

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